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Crew and Passengers
The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has proposed requirements for crew and passengers of human space flights.
In response to the Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act of 2004, the FAA rules:
The requirements are designed to provide an acceptable level of safety for the general public, and to notify individuals on board of the risks associated with a launch or reentry.
- Require crew qualifications, training, and notification.
- Require training and informed consent for space flight participants.
- Modify existing financial responsibility requirements to account for the FAA's new authority for space flight participants and crew, and to issue experimental permits. The experimental permit is the subject of a separate rulemaking.
Under the rules:
- Pilots must have the appropriate FAA pilot certificate.
- Pilots must be able to show they know how to operate their private spaceship.
- Crew members must have medical certificates issued within a year of the flight.
- Crew members must be in physical condition and mental state sufficient to perform safety-related roles.
- Crew members must be trained to ensure the spacecraft will not harm the public.
- Passengers will not have to pass physical exams, but such tests are recommended. Physicals could become required if a public safety need is identified.
- Passengers will have to be shown how to respond during emergencies such as fire, smoke or loss of cabin pressure. They must know how to get out of the vehicle safely.
Read the proposed Human Space Flight Requirements for Crew and Space Flight Participants »
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